Santos, T.A. and Guedes Soares, C. (2020), “Ro-Ro ship and fleet sizing in intermodal transportation”, Short Sea Shipping in the Age of Sustainable Development and Information Technology, Santos, T.A. & Guedes Soares C. (Eds.), Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group, London, UK , pp. 61-88

The European Union (EU) has consistently promoted the competitiveness of transport chains as a means to reach the common market while still pushing for sustainability by limiting the external costs inherent to an increasing demand for transportation. Transport modes such as short sea shipping (SSS), inland waterways and freight railways can provide significant advantages while promoting theae borad objectives. In fact, all shipping segments (liquid and solid bulk cargos, containerized caergos and general cargo) are included in SSS, as long as the routees connect European ports and ports of seas surrounding Europe. However, the amin focus in SSS is on ferries (passenger and cargo ships), cargo roll-on/roll-off ships (cargo ro-ro ships) and container ships (cargo handled lift-on/lift-off - Lo-Lo). Ro-Ro ships are of special interest because they are characterized by faster cargo handling operations and shorter port dwell times. These factors contribute to decrease transit times compared with other ship types, especially container ships.

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